Notification of Rights under FERPA for Elementary and Secondary Schools
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) affords parents and students who are
18 years of age or older ("eligible students") certain rights with respect to the student's education
records. These rights are:
1. The right to inspect and review the student's education records within 45 days after
the day Concord Academy-Petoskey receives a request for access.
Parents or eligible students should submit to the school’s Executive Director a written
request that identifies the records they wish to inspect. The school official will make
arrangements for access and notify the parent or eligible student of the time and place
where the records may be inspected.
2. The right to request the amendment of the student’s education records that the parent
or eligible student believes are inaccurate, misleading, or otherwise in violation of the
student’s privacy rights under FERPA.
Parents or eligible students who wish to ask the Concord Academy-Petoskey to
amend a record should write the school’s Executive Director and clearly identify the
part of the record they want changed, and specify why it should be changed. If the
school decides not to amend the record as requested by the parent or eligible student,
the school will notify the parent or eligible student of the decision and of their right to
a hearing regarding the request for amendment. Additional information regarding the
hearing procedures will be provided to the parent or eligible student when notified of
the right to a hearing.
3. The right to provide written consent before the school discloses personally
identifiable information (PII) from the student's education records, except to the
extent that FERPA authorizes disclosure without consent.
One exception, which permits disclosure without consent, is disclosure to school
officials with legitimate educational interests. A school official is a person employed
by the school as an administrator, supervisor, instructor, or support staff member
(including health or medical staff and law enforcement unit personnel) or a person
serving on the school board. A school official also may include a volunteer or
contractor outside of the school who performs an institutional service of function for
which the school would otherwise use its own employees and who is under the direct
control of the school with respect to the use and maintenance of PII from education
records, such as an attorney, auditor, medical consultant, or therapist; a parent or
student volunteering to serve on an official committee, such as a disciplinary or
grievance committee; or a parent, student, or other volunteer assisting another school
official in performing his or her tasks. A school official has a legitimate educational
interest if the official needs to review an education record in order to fulfill his or her
Upon request, the school discloses education records without consent to officials of
another school district in which a student seeks or intends to enroll, or is already
enrolled if the disclosure is for purposes of the student’s enrollment or transfer.
[NOTE: FERPA requires a school district to make a reasonable attempt to notify the
parent or student of the records request unless it states in its annual notification that it
intends to forward records on request.]
4. The right to file a complaint with the U.S. Department of Education concerning
alleged failures by the Concord Academy-Petoskey to comply with the requirements
of FERPA. The name and address of the Office that administers FERPA are:
Family Policy Compliance Office
U.S. Department of Education
400 Maryland Avenue, SW
Washington, DC 20202
FERPA permits the disclosure of PII from students’ education records, without consent of the
parent or eligible student, if the disclosure meets certain conditions found in §99.31 of the
FERPA regulations. Except for disclosures to school officials, disclosures related to some
judicial orders or lawfully issued subpoenas, disclosures of directory information, and
disclosures to the parent or eligible student, §99.32 of the FERPA regulations requires the school
to record the disclosure. Parents and eligible students have a right to inspect and review the
record of disclosures. A school may disclose PII from the education records of a student without
obtaining prior written consent of the parents or the eligible student –
• To other school officials, including teachers, within the educational agency or
institution whom the school has determined to have legitimate educational interests.
This includes contractors, consultants, volunteers, or other parties to whom the school
has outsourced institutional services or functions, provided that the conditions listed
in §99.31(a)(1)(i)(B)(1) - (a)(1)(i)(B)(2) are met. (§99.31(a)(1))
• To officials of another school, school system, or institution of postsecondary
education where the student seeks or intends to enroll, or where the student is already
enrolled if the disclosure is for purposes related to the student’s enrollment or
transfer, subject to the requirements of §99.34. (§99.31(a)(2))
• To authorized representatives of the U. S. Comptroller General, the U. S. Attorney
General, the U.S. Secretary of Education, or State and local educational authorities,
such as the State educational agency in the parent or eligible student’s State (SEA).
Disclosures under this provision may be made, subject to the requirements of §99.35,
in connection with an audit or evaluation of Federal- or State-supported education
programs, or for the enforcement of or compliance with Federal legal requirements
that relate to those programs. These entities may make further disclosures of PII to
outside entities that are designated by them as their authorized representatives to
conduct any audit, evaluation, or enforcement or compliance activity on their behalf.
(§§99.31(a)(3) and 99.35)
• In connection with financial aid for which the student has applied or which the
student has received, if the information is necessary to determine eligibility for the
aid, determine the amount of the aid, determine the conditions of the aid, or enforce
the terms and conditions of the aid. (§99.31(a)(4))
• To State and local officials or authorities to whom information is specifically allowed
to be reported or disclosed by a State statute that concerns the juvenile justice system
and the system’s ability to effectively serve, prior to adjudication, the student whose
records were released, subject to §99.38. (§99.31(a)(5))
• To organizations conducting studies for, or on behalf of, the school, in order to: (a)
develop, validate, or administer predictive tests; (b) administer student aid programs;
or (c) improve instruction. (§99.31(a)(6))
• To accrediting organizations to carry out their accrediting functions. (§99.31(a)(7))
• To parents of an eligible student if the student is a dependent for IRS tax purposes.
• To comply with a judicial order or lawfully issued subpoena. (§99.31(a)(9))
• To appropriate officials in connection with a health or safety emergency, subject to
• Information the school has designated as “directory information” under §99.37.
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